Scars, skin diseases, varicose veins, venois skin ulcers, hemorrhoids, constipation
Centella (Centella asiatica), also known as Asiatic Pennywort, Indian Pennywort or Gotu Kola, is a perennial flowering plant in the Parsley family (Apiaceae), native to India, northern Australia, Melanesia, the Philippines and other parts of Asia, which grows in tropical swampy areas.
The stems are slender, creeping stolons, green to reddish-green in color, connecting plants to each other. It has long-stalked, green, reniform leaves with rounded apices which have smooth texture with palmately netted veins. The leaves are borne on pericladial petioles, around 2 cm (3/4in). The rootstock consists of rhizomes, growing vertically down. They are creamish in color and covered with root hairs.
The flowers are pinkish to red in color, born in small, rounded bunches (umbels) near the surface of the soil. Each flower is partly enclosed in two green bracts. The hermaphrodite flowers are minute in size (less than 3 mm), with 5-6 corolla lobes per flower. Each flower bears five stamens and two styles. The fruit are densely reticulate, distinguishing it from species of Hydrocotyle which have smooth, ribbed or warty fruit.
Bio-active ingredients of Centella include asiaticoside and other triterpensaponins, triterpenes, flavon-glycosides and hydrocotylin.
Centella leaves have medicinal properties properties which help promote blood circulation, mental activity and longevity. Centella is used as a medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional African medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine.
History: Centella is a feature in the longevity tradition of the Tai Chi Chuan master Li Ching-Yuen. He purportedly lived to be 200 or more, due in part to his usage of traditional Chinese herbs, including Centella.
Counter Indications: Do not overdose, as this may cause severe headaches and even loss of consciousness.